CPSR-GLOBAL Digest 263 Topics covered in this issue include: 1) The language issue and spelling (@) by marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) 2) CPSR -- a job opening (@) by marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) 3) medcard survey (@) by marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) 4) Ecomobiles and emus (@) by marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) 5) Re: translation issue (@) by marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) 6) El Salvador--can anyone send advice? (@) by marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Tue, 7 Nov 1995 13:55:16 -0700 From: marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) To: cpsr-glob Subject: The language issue and spelling (@) Message-ID: from manuel@stat.berkeley.edu English has already established itself as the de facto "lingua franc" of the international scientific and business world. The only great disadvantage of English compared to other internationally used languages is that it has the most incoherent spelling of all of them. In the short-term people need to go ahead and establish international channels of communication using the current form of English. In the long-term people need to make the spelling of the language phonetic, so as to not burden the world indefinitely with the cost of having to learn incoherent spelling. This can be done effectively using some variation of the International Phonetic Alphabet, so that the alphabetization can readily be extended to other spoken languages. If this changeover is made as part of the conversion from paper to electronic modes of display, its cost will not be great as compared to the cost of people having to learn different natural languages. larens imanyuel University for the Earth manuel@stat.berkeley.edu ------------------------------ Date: Tue, 7 Nov 1995 14:17:02 -0700 From: marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) To: cpsr-glob Subject: CPSR -- a job opening (@) Message-ID: Sender: Susan Evoy Director of Member and Chapter Outreach Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR) seeks an experienced organizer to serve as Director of Member and Chapter Outreach for this 1,600-member national alliance of computer professionals. The job involves a significant amount of national travel. Organizational Background CPSR provides a voice for computer professionals in the policy debate over the introduction of computer technology in society. With 21 chapters in4 states, CPSR is a democratically governed grass roots organization whose members include computer professionals, computer users, computer science educators and others interested in the impact that computers are having on society. CPSR's National Office in Palo Alto, CA, provides logistical, technical and financial support for volunteer activists throughout the country who sponsor CPSR conferences, develop CPSR positions, and present CPSR's views to local policymakers. Current projects include an on-line campaign to oppose legislation to deregulate the telecommunications, cable television and media industries; monitoring the introduction of Caller ID technology; and promoting the development of community networks to provide access to new sources of information for the less privileged members of our society. Other issues of interest to CPSR members include privacy and civil liberties, weapons and peace, the National Information Infrastructure, intellectual property, participatory design, computer workplace issues, computers and education, computers and the environment, and gender issues in computing. Applicant Qualifications The Director of Member and Chapter Outreach is a newly created position, to be funded initially through grants. Applicants should have a minimum of five years experience in organizing, preferably including both grass roots community organizing and national issue campaign organizing, and be familiar with the public policy issues in computing. Excellent written and oral communication skills are also required, and applicants must be able to travel. Salary range is $30-40K, plus benefits. Application Process To apply, submit a resume or C.V., three references, and a brief writing sample, to: Audrie Krause, Executive Director CPSR P.O. Box 717 Palo Alto, CA 94302. Electronic submissions may be sent to: akrause @ cpsr.org . Please indicate "Organizer" as the subject of your message. For further information, contact Audrie Krause at (415) 322-3778, or by email. ------------------------------ Date: Tue, 7 Nov 1995 14:15:23 -0700 From: marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) To: cpsr-glob Subject: medcard survey (@) Message-ID: Sender: "Michael Sicher" hello, my name is michael sicher from the "ARGE Daten" - austrian society for privacy and data protection (please find information below). we have got a lot of questions about "medcards" and their use in different countries. so i would ask you to answer the following questions and/or send me any information (in english or german is possible) you have on this topic concerning your country. if you do not have an information please send me addresses of people or organizations i may contact? thank you very much for your help! if you need any information about privacy, data protection and related topics here in austria feel free to contact me. yours, michael sicher medcard questionaire: - are medcards used in your country, are there tests for using it, or is it planned to use it in the future? - are medcards used throughout the country or just in specific regions? - is the usage of medcards restricted to specific areas, i. e. emergency data, social security data, local doctors, hospitals, etc.? - which technology is used? chipcards, etc.? - who supports this system and who is the operator? a society of all doctors, social security insurances, private insurances, drug stores, card issuing firms, etc.? - has the medcard to be used (by doctors and patients) or can it be used on a voluntary basis? - does the medcard just store administrative data (identification data of the patient, of the doctor and the insurance) or also healthdata? - who has read and who has write access to the medcard. how is this controlled? what is done in case of loss of a medcard or the data on it or in case of tampering the data? - which experiences are there concerning doctors and patients? how is the colaboration with represantatives of patient and consumer rights and of data protection in developing the medcard? - which legal regulations are there for securing the secrecy and privacy of the medcard? who controlls this regulations? are there any effective indemnity or complaint proceedings? how often are they used? - any other experiences with medcards - comments? information on "ARGE Daten": ARGE DATEN - Austrian Society for Privacy and Data Protection is an independent consolidation of computer specialists, practitioners and social scientists, working on the social impacts of computer use. Part of the society is a company overseeing various projects in data-processing and service (e.g., the ARGE DATEN is an AUSTRIAN Internet-provider). The goal of ARGE DATEN is to look beyond the blinders of technical applications of the people and to work out the relevant problems. The number of members, subscribers and supporters are about 700, the number of people working in projects vary from 8 to 10 persons. - ARGE DATEN exists since 1983 as an informal working group, since 1990 as a registrated society. - We have published several reports and statements on the insane collection of data f.x. in the Austrian social service and also a handbook on data privacy. An important disclosure was the affair on the Austrian State Police and its modus operandi in 1991. - For the time being, there are projects to study the following Themes: - privacy and internal security, - transparency of public service, on the example of information processing in Austrian communities - information systems in financial services (banks, securities, encashment-bureaus, credit-information-agencies), - privacy and freedom of information on ecological data, - consumer data and privacy. - ARGE DATEN works on projects, publishes a newsletter - such as the "Datenschutz und Informationsrecht" (privacy and information law) - and serves to answer all kinds of questions on information law. It offers courses on information design (data bank design, software design, man-machine-communication and privacy law), gives expert evidence on privacy matters, helps with the enactment enquiry-, insight- and information-rights, checks existing dp-systems on their conformity with privacy laws and councils on the design of scientific databases. ======================> ARGE DATEN <====================== Oesterreichische Gesellschaft fuer Datenschutz Austrian Society for Privacy and Data Protection ---- Sautergasse 20 Michael Sicher 1170 Vienna, Austria _/ _/ _/ _/ sicher@adis.at Tel: ++43/1/4897893 Fax: ++43/1/4897893-10 Talking about privacy go --> http://www.ad.or.at/office/ ========================================================== ------------------------------ Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 08:38:53 -0700 From: marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) To: cpsr-glob Subject: Ecomobiles and emus (@) Message-ID: Sender: Larry Manuel He is posting exerpts from a flyer from the San Francisco Critical Mass bicycle ride of October 27, because it has much to say about the future of computer technology. ********************************** EMBRACE ECOMOBILES and EMUS ... Well, besides being the Australian national bird, an "emu" is an "Ecological Monetary Unit". ... "Emus" have been created to empower communities to redirect their development away from the policies of the international corporate state and toward policies which are ecologically sustainable and are based on the equitable sharing of work. .. So what is an "ecomobile", and what does it have to do with a monetary system? An ecomobile is a one-person human-powered tricycular vehicle, comparable in weight to a human being, designed to be a synergetic mating of machine with human being. It has adequate energy storage and electric generation capacity to conveniently navigate over hills and run on-board computers, heads-mounted displays, telecommunications, and robotic equipment. It is small enough to maneuver into small work spaces and be conveniently packed, with its passenger, unto larger vehicles for higher-speed, longer-distance transportation. It can wirelessly communicate a "shared reality" with other ecomobiles and their passengers, or can communicate in audio or other low-bandwidth modes to pedestrians and simple machines nearby. ... Its connection with an ecological money system is mandated by the understanding that human transportation has been pivotal to major social and technological change. While other technologies, such as those of food production and shelter are more central to survival; and various technologies, such as irrigation and semiconductors have initiated major change, new technologies in human transportation, such as horses and automobiles have had a uniquely strong effect on changing changing society. This effect arises, because vehicles impose a standardization of size, shape and energy use throughout the areas in which they are used. ... How conveniently tools may be carried on the dominant mode of human transportation has a dramatic effect on socioeconomic development. ... Today, an urban transportation system, covertly designed by a corporate elite, carries people much better than it carries their tools. People are forced to be pedestrians over long distances without convenient auxiliary means of carrying tools and other goods. The one ubiquitous vehicle for carrying things, the automobile, is massively oversized for most potential carrying tasks. As a result, people "commute" between corporately conceived centers of activity, and end up being wage slaves in corporate factories and being "consumers" of corporate production, while artisan and other small-scale labor declines. larens imanyuel University for the Earth 2155 Acton Street #3 (510) 548-5238 Berkeley, California manuel@stat.berkeley.edu 94702 Zip Code Exempt ------------------------------ Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 08:44:30 -0700 From: marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) To: cpsr-glob Subject: Re: translation issue (@) Message-ID: re: how bad some translation programs are ...Sender: Arun Mehta I come from a country with a large population and low wages: why not simply hire human beings to translate e-mail from one language to another, and until automatic translators start shaping up, use humans to correct and check what the computer does? Arun Mehta, B-69 Lajpat Nagar-I, New Delhi-24, India. Phone 6841172,6849103 "I do not want my house to be walled in on all sides and my windows to be stuffed. I want the cultures of all the lands to be blown about my house as freely as possible. But I refuse to be blown off my feet by any."--Gandhi ------------------------------ Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 08:48:16 -0700 From: marsha-w@uiuc.edu (Marsha Woodbury) To: cpsr-glob Cc: GUERRICO@biblio.ues.edu.sv Subject: El Salvador--can anyone send advice? (@) Message-ID: From: GUERRICO@biblio.ues.edu.sv (Jos\ Francisco Guerrico Goya) Organization: Unidad Bibliotecaria Central - Universidad de El Salvador Dear (Dr.) Woodbury: I am writing to you from the "Departamento de Internet" at the Universidad de El Salvador. Toghether with 2 more universities and other government institutions, we are member of the commitee which is implementing Internet in our country. Our department has been assigned with the task of proposing to a national committee the set of rules that will govern the use of Internet at a country level. Of course, we also have to set the internal rules for our university too. We are conscious that this kind of normatives or rules are very influencial in the future use of Internet in our country. Our philosophy is to make it work for the interests of the poor mayority of our society (to keep it short), and of course to elaborate it technically well. What we need: - Some example/s of this national normative in another/other country or countries. Our request to you: - Can you send us an example of a national "set of rules" (preferably from a country similar to ours)? - Or could you give us the address of some people who can help us in elaborating this task? Thank you very much in advance for your help, and our congratulations to your association. ------------------------------ End of CPSR-GLOBAL Digest 263 *****************************